- Think of two cities/towns/villages that you've lived in or know fairly well (for example, these could be Brisbane and your hometown).
- Make note of as many differences and similarities as you can between those two places.
- Read the text I've written below comparing Brisbane and Edinburgh.
- Work in pairs: Discuss these questions regarding the structure of the text:
- How many paragraphs are there? What is the purpose of each paragraph?
- How many different comparing/contrasting expressions are used?
- I've used several that we haven't discussed in class yet. Which ones are they?
Nevertheless, there are a number of major differences between Brisbane and Edinburgh. The main one is history: Edinburgh is far older than Brisbane - about four hundred years older, in fact. As a result, the two cities have developed in very different ways. The oldest surviving buildings in Brisbane - the Windmill on Wickham Street, and the Old Commissariat Store on William Street - were built by convicts in 1828. The oldest building in Edinburgh, in contrast, was built in the 12th century! In addition, Edinburgh is divided into two parts: the Old Town and the New Town, which dates from about 1766. Even in the New Tow, there is a lot of architectural consistency. Brisbane's architecture has no such consistency; it's just one big architectural mess, really!
So, particularly in terms of lifestyle and music, Brisbane and Edinburgh are quite similar. As far as history and architecture go, however, the two cities could hardly be more different!
- Using my text as a model, and your thoughts and notes from Stage 1, write your first draft of your own comparison of two places you know well.
- Remember to use a variety of linking expressions (but, although, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite) and comparing/contrasting expressions.
- Be careful with your use of nouns. When you use a noun in your writing, think about it: Is it countable or uncountable? Should it be singular or plural? Does it an article (a/an, the) or a quantifier (some, any, many, a few, a little) before it?